Urban Gardens: Empowering Communities

By Maddie House

At 24th street elementary school community garden, the students in the school take gardening classes where they learn to grow and cook healthy, fresh foods. In a community that faces many inequities, particularly in access to food, the garden serves as a community center to promote long-term healthy eating and health. Families are able to pick up food when necessary, and pre-COVID, the garden was open to anyone in the community. The program also focuses on the well-being of the environment by having a compost system and a lunch system that prevents wasting of food. Saving trash from going to the landfill and taking action to mitigate the effects of climate change also contribute to long-term healthy changes in marginalized communities that are disproportionately impacted by environmental health challenges like climate change. This type of urban gardening is a powerful way to combat food insecurity and food apartheid.

Our class in the 24th street elementary school garden!

Many under-resourced communities are classified as food swamps (or food deserts) meaning there is an abundance of unhealthy food options like fast food and liquor stores with very few health options like farmer’s markets and grocery stores. Even when healthy options are available, they might be inaccessible to the community. For example, healthy food options in USC Village are expensive, which makes them unreasonable and effectively unavailable to many members of the surrounding community. Food swamps disproportionately impact communities of color and those with low socioeconomic status. Racist practices like redlining have led to lasting housing segregation in the U.S. and have facilitated drastic racial inequities in access to healthy food options, which has massive implications on health. In discussing the food injustices, Karen Washington says, “the food system is not broken; it’s working exactly the way it’s supposed to: as a caste system based on demographics, economics, and race,” meaning that the creation of food swamps has been the result of these purposeful racist systems in place.

One of the ways that’s been proposed to fight food apartheid is urban gardening because it provides healthy food options and also strengthens the community, socially and economically, while benefiting the overall environment and creating a space for safe physical activity. Washington talks about finding solutions that empower the communities and take advantage of their strengths and social capital. Food banks and charity organizations don’t do anything to give power and influence to the local community. In communities that face injustices as a result of lack of power, finding ways to make changes by altering the power dynamics that exist can provide much longer lasting and effective changes. Community gardens and farmers markets that provide economic and social opportunities contribute to positive change in many different aspects of marginalized communities. Professor Portnoy discusses many other benefits of community gardens saying, “gardening is not only a therapeutic act for those suffering from mental and physical illness. A 2014 study on the benefits of gardening and food growing for health and wellbeing discusses benefits like promoting social inclusion for excluded groups such as immigrants” (Portnoy, 161). Gardens like the one at 24th street elementary school can provide financial opportunities (and economic independence), outdoor space, and social support, along with healthy, affordable food options.

However, Washington says that, “growing food isn’t enough: We need to address the structural, industrial, and environmental determinants that reinforce racism in our society.” Our food systems and food injustices are inseparable from the racism that permeates throughout our society, so the only way to fully remove food injustices requires the removal of racism from all of our systems and institutions- in schools, the healthcare system, housing, and everything else. 

Reflection

Taking this class has been such a fun and interesting way to explore Latinx culture in Los Angeles. I really enjoyed exploring how gentrification, globalization, cultural appropriation, and family all connect to different food-related issues. I especially loved being able to learn about issues in-person from people with direct experience, like being able to talk to Merced Sanchez about her experience as a street vendor. She talked a lot about the power of community and the struggles of gathering people who are scared of legal issues due to immigration status and/or the harsh criminalization of street vending. I also appreciated the importance of family in her food story; family and culture were an important part of food throughout the course- from my own family food culture in the first blog to Villa’s Taco’s entrepreneurship out of his grandma’s house. 

My favorite field trip was to Boyle Heights because we got to learn about gentrification and gentefication from people who actually own businesses in the neighborhood, while also eating incredible food! I loved talking to the owners of Café Café and learning more about the work that they do to help the community, like the fridge that anyone can take from and add to. It’s also been so much fun to support businesses that I now know a lot about and care about—I’ve been back many times with my friends to Café Café! Finally, my favorite topic of the semester was food injustices because it connects topics I’ve learned about in my major, Health Promotion & Disease Prevention, to Latinx culture in LA. It’s really powerful to learn simultaneously about the beauty of different food cultures and the diet limitations many face in the U.S. resulting from racist structures.

Sources

Portnoy, Sarah. «Urban Agriculture and Latino Roots in Los Angeles.» Food, Health, and Culture in Latino Los Angeles, Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Washington, Karen. «How Urban Agriculture Can Fight Racism in the Food System.» Civil Eats, 2020. https://civileats.com/2020/07/10/op-ed-how-urban-agriculture-can-fight-racism-in-the-food-system/.

11 respuestas a “Urban Gardens: Empowering Communities

  1. Anya Khurana

    Hi Maddie!
    I really enjoyed reading your blog- I think you tied all the concepts really well and it was easy to see the connections! I have never heard the term «food swamp», but I think it is certainly an apt description of the situation. I need to incorporate it into my vocab going forward 🙂

  2. Sarah Portnoy

    Maddie,
    Buena explicación de las dificultades que combate la agricultura urbana y lo que contribuye un programa como 24th St/Garden School Foundation a su comunidad.
    Me alegro que hayas disfrutado de las excursiones y que hayas vuelto a Boyle Heights con tus amigos.

  3. Jennifer De Anda Plascencia

    Maddie,
    Me gusto mucho leer tu blog ya que hable de temas muy similares en el mio y estoy completamente de acuerdo con todo lo que dijiste sobre el acceso a comida, el racismo, y el impacto de los jardines comunitarios. También me gusto saber que has regresado a Café Café con tus amigos! Yo no he regresado a ningunos de los locales que visitamos en Boyle Heights pero quiero apartar tiempo durante el verano para regresar y seguir apoyandolos. Muy buen trabajo!

  4. zacharyyawata

    Hola Maddie,
    ¡Hiciste un beun trabajo en el blog! Fue un gran resumen de nuestro viaje y los temas en las lecturas. Me gustó cómo trajiste «líneas rojas» también y otras prácticas racistas que se suman al problema de injusticia alimentaria que ya tenemos. Por último, me ha gustado tu reflexión sobre la clase. Los temas que aprendemos se pueden aplicar a nuestras vidas fuera de la clase y nos enseñan cómo ser mejores estudiantes y personas en Los Ángeles.

  5. zacharyyawata

    Hola Maddie, ¡Hiciste un beun trabajo en el blog! Fue un gran resumen de nuestro viaje y los temas en las lecturas. Me gustó cómo trajiste «líneas rojas» también y otras prácticas racistas que se suman al problema de injusticia alimentaria que ya tenemos. Por último, me ha gustado tu reflexión sobre la clase. Los temas que aprendemos se pueden aplicar a nuestras vidas fuera de la clase y nos enseñan cómo ser mejores estudiantes y personas en Los Ángeles.

  6. ckatnik

    Hi Maddie!
    I enjoyed reading your last blog! It was so interesting and informative being able to learn about all of the good that 24th Street Elementary school is doing to positively impact the surrounding neighborhood. Hopefully more schools around the LA community can implement these same tactics.

  7. timothyreilly331

    Hola Maddie,

    Me gusta mucho su resumen de las lecturas y nuestra visita a 24th street. Estoy de acuerdo que hay estructuras en el lugar que funcionan para que gente pobre o de diferentes razas tengan más obstáculos de encontrar comida saludable. Hiciste un buen trabajo explicando los beneficios de la jardinería.

  8. abhinavPulle

    Hola Maddie,

    Me gustaron mucho tus ideas sobre nuestra visita a 24th Street Elementary, especialmente sobre el cambio climático como un aspecto ambiental de los desafíos de salud que enfrentan las comunidades marginadas, y cómo el jardín de la escuela ayuda con eso. Yo también aprecié aprender de los temas que exploramos en clase directamente de las personas afectadas, como Merced.

  9. angieorellanahernandez1743

    Hola Maddie,

    Tuviste una buena explicación de la importancia de jardines urbanos y cómo ayudan a comunidades de bajos recursos obtener accesibilidad a comida más orgánica y saludable. Tambien, me gusto como hablaste de otros beneficios que trae un jardín, como proveer oportunidades para exercício físico y traer prácticas terapéuticas a la comunidad. Yo pienso que esto es un aspecto que no es muy hablado.

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